For some people, when they wake up in the morning and take a big yawn, they feel a dull, achy pain radiating from their chin to their ear. Or maybe it’s difficult to open and close their mouth. If this happens to you, and especially if that pain continues throughout the day, you’re probably wondering what the deal is.
In most cases, jaw soreness is caused by excessive grinding or clenching of your teeth at night, says Robert Merrill, DDS, clinical professor and residency director for oralfacial pain at the UCLA School of Dentistry. It’s kind of spooky to think about yourself snoozing peacefully on the outside and grinding away at your teeth on the inside, but these symptoms are actually pretty common. Surveys suggest that about one in four people are aware of symptoms related to jaw pain, Dr. Merrill says. “This would include some jaw muscle tenderness, clicking, or other noises during jaw movement and joint tenderness,” he says.
If you are experiencing any sort of jaw or mouth pain, mention it to your dentist so they can evaluate your mouth, Dr. Merrill says. “The main purpose of the physical examination of the jaw is to determine the source of pain,” he says. Your dentist will “palpitate the muscles and joints” to see if they can replicate the kind of pain you’re experiencing, and figure out the cause, he says. Depending on how mild your symptoms are, making a few lifestyle adjustments might be enough to ease your pain.
Usually, dentists will recommend that you limit daytime jaw activity for a period of time if you are experiencing jaw soreness, Dr. Merrill says. “This is done by softening the diet, avoiding hard or chewy foods or gum, and doing some jaw stretching exercises to stretch out the soreness of the muscles,” he says. Ahead are three common culprits for morning jaw pain.
You grind or clench your teeth.
Some people experience “nocturnal bruxism,” a condition in which you “grind, gnash, or clench” your teeth while you sleep, according to the Mayo Clinic. The grinding can be so severe that it makes a loud squeaking noise, or even wears down your tooth enamel. When you wake up, your jaw, neck, or chin might feel tired or sore, and some people will also bite the skin on the inside of their cheek, according to the Mayo Clinic. Or you might be just clenching your jaw while you sleep, which is a variant of grinding, Dr. Merrill says.
“While clenching is not associated with accelerated wear of the teeth, it can still lead to jaw discomfort or pain, and can cause fractured teeth,” he says. If you are grinding or clenching your teeth, then your dentist will usually recommend a retainer-like device that’s worn on your teeth at night to protect them from excessive grinding, Dr. Merrill says.
Clenching and grinding your teeth can often be related to stress in your life, Dr. Merrill says. Many people will clench their jaw as a coping strategy for stress or as a habit for distraction during periods of intense concentration, according to the Mayo Clinic. Anxiety, stress, anger, and frustration can all be linked to daytime bruxism, according to the Mayo Clinic. It’s easier said than done, but reducing stress can usually minimize the amount of clenching that you do during the day.
You have TMJ.
Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders, a.k.a. TMJ, are disorders and conditions that can cause pain and discomfort in the muscles that control your jaw, according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR). Your temporomandibular joints are on either side of your jaw (if you put your fingers in front of your ears and open your mouth, you can feel the joints move), and because they’re so mobile, there’s a lot that can go wrong, according to the NIDCR.
Usually with TMJ, you’ll feel pain in one or both of your temporomandibular joints, and an aching sensation in your mouth or jaw, according to Mayo Clinic. Lots of people also report feeling like their jaw is stiff or locked. And in some cases, you might actually hear a clicking sound when you open and close your jaw, according to the NIDCR. There are a few factors that contribute to TMJ, including genetics, arthritis, or traumatic injury, so it’s not always clear when someone has it, according to the Mayo Clinic. If you have TMJ, your doctor might tell you to take an anti-inflammatory medication for one to two weeks to decrease joint inflammation, and also try some at-home stretching or massage, Dr. Merrill says.
Coconut water is a liquid that is drained from the center of coconuts and then packaged and sold in stores. Some companies add fruit juice or coffee to it.
So what is the truth about this trendy beverage, often marketed for its hydrating benefits and praised as a hangover cure?
Let’s take a look at what the experts had to say.
Is it more hydrating than water or a sports drink?
The research says no. Two studies showed that coconut water on its own provided a minimal difference in hydration in humans, compared with water and sports drinks.
Lisa Drayer, a registered dietitian, agrees with the research. But she said it’s important to consider that the first study was funded by VitaCoco, a coconut water brand, so it was in the best interest of the company.
Also, although this study showed that some participants experienced bloating and an upset stomach from the beverag the other study’sparticipants did not have these side effects. If there are negative effects, it’s probably on an individual basis, Drayer said.
“My advice would be to try coconut water before you use it for exercise,”
In terms of helping with hangovers, Drayer said, there is no valuable research that suggests it is any more beneficial than drinking water.
Does it have benefits during pregnancy?
Some websites tout the advantages of drinking coconut water while pregnant. If you’re a rat, it might help protect you against high-fat-diet-induced changes, one study says. But if you’re a pregnant human, you probably shouldn’t use it as a replacement for other foods, Drayer said.
Mom’s sweet tooth may be linked to child’s allergies, study says
“When I look at the nutritional profile for coconut water, it basically has no iron, no protein, hardly any calcium, no omega-3s because it’s fat-free, and no folic acid,” she said. “It’s not a good source of important pregnancy nutrients.”
It’s important for pregnant women to stay hydrated, Drayer said, so if coconut water is going to help them get more fluids, she would recommend it.
Although coconut water doesn’t yield a lot of calcium, eating an entire raw coconut could provide a good amount of the nutrient. But it’s still no comparison to a cup of milk, which has six times as much calcium as a whole coconut and more protein, she said.
What about weight loss?
“I don’t think there’s anything special about coconut water that will help boost your metabolism. If you’re dehydrated, that might slow your metabolism,” Drayer said. “I wouldn’t necessarily recommend it for weight loss. In fact, it has more calories than water.”
Coconut waters typically have 5 to 7 calories and 1 gram of sugar per ounce. A lot of people who are watching their weight may not want to drink their calories, Drayer said. But for those who are exercising and feel like they can afford the calories, it shouldn’t be an issue.
There has been some talk on the Internet that drinking coconut water on an empty stomach in the morning can stimulate metabolism, as well as boost immunity and reduce bad cholesterol. Jason Ewoldt, registered dietitian and wellness dietitian at the Mayo Clinic Healthy Living Program, said the research would not support this.
“It seems like there’s always some new breaking thing that you have to eat in the morning on an empty stomach to help with weight loss or energy or what have you,” Ewoldt said.
“There’s nothing special about coconut water. It’s essentially water with some electrolytes, which you could do in the morning by drinking a glass of water and having a banana.”
Potassium is a mineral that plays a key role in maintaining the body’s heartbeat, muscle contractions, cholesterol and nerve impulses. Coconut water has more potassium than a medium banana.
“When I look at coconut water, the biggest benefit is coming from the fact that it’s a high or nice source of potassium,”
“But we can do the same thing by eating foods that have a high source of potassium, like potatoes or kidney beans or spinach. It would be a heck of a lot cheaper, and ultimately, we’d be getting a lot more nutrition that just with potassium.”
If you want to kill two birds with one stone nutritionally, coconut water is probably not the way to go.
What about coconut oil and coconut milk?
Coconut oil had a healthy image among “foodies” for a while, often as a central cooking ingredient. A recent report by the American Heart Association shut this down, stating that coconut oil has a higher percentage of saturated fat than butter, palm oil and lard. It referenced multiple studies finding that the oil increases LDL — also known as “bad” cholesterol — which causes heart disease.
Are vegetable oils healthy?
Ewoldt agrees with the association’s conclusion and is unsure why some consider coconut oil to be a health food, he said. But he doesn’t think extreme caution needs to be taken. It can be eaten in moderation as an addition to a healthy diet, he said. “Should we be eating it thinking it’s healthy? No.”
People are better off eating foods with unsaturated fats, like avocados and olive oil, he said. Unsaturated fats have been shown to have cardiovascular protective effects.
Coconut milk is also higher in saturated fat and calories, he said. It has much less potassium than coconut water and very little fiber. However, it makes a nice substitution for people who are lactose intolerant, he said.
The verdict on coconut water
Drayer said coconut water has hydrating benefits, but she saw nothing special about it nutritionally, compared with whole foods.
“It can help to hydrate you and make sure you’re meeting your fluid needs,” Drayer said. “But I don’t think there’s anything magical about it. I don’t think there’s anything that you wouldn’t find in whole foods that it contains. And the studies that link it to various health claims certainly haven’t been rigorous enough.”
Ewoldt warned against any assumptions that coconut water may have special health properties, especially if it’s leading to heavy spending.
“Overall, I would say if you’re looking for a different beverage to help with hydration, coconut water can be that beverage. Is it better than drinking water or eating fruits and vegetables? Absolutely not,”
“If you’re aware of the amount you’re drinking coconut water and you’re having a healthy balanced diet, it can be an addition to a diet as anything can. But if you’re looking at it from the point of ‘it’s a magical elixir,’ you’re spending a lot of money on something that’s doing very little.”
This is contained in a statement by Alhaji Abubakar Muazu, press secretary to the governor and made available to News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Birnin Kebbi on Wednesday.
According to the statement, the committee was expected to ensure accountability and documentation of all assistance to the state.
It said the audit would ascertain and justify expenditure of the state as counterpart funding for assistance.
The governor appointed the audit committee after Alhaji Usman Kambaza,the commissioner of health conducted him on an inspection of items delivered to the three medical warehouses in the metropolis by UNICEF.
Alhaji Sirajo Bagudo, the Adviser on Due Process would serve as chairman of the committee, while other members of the committee include representatives of the UNICEF, ministry of health and security agencies.
Facebook announced today it would fund a project called Defending Digital Democracy. The project, co-founded by the campaign managers for both Hillary Clinton and Mitt Romney, aims to thwart outside interference in elections.
The Belfer Center at The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University announced the project earlier this month. Eric Rosenbach, Co-Director of the Belfer Center and former Assistant Secretary of Defense will be heading it up. In a Harvard press release he said:
Americans across the political spectrum agree that political contests should be decided by the power of ideas, not the skill of foreign hackers. Cyber deterrence starts with strong cyber defense — and this project brings together key partners in politics, national security, and technology to generate innovative ideas to safeguard our key democratic institutions.
The announcement came during Black Hat, an annual security event held in Las Vegas. Reuters reports Facebook Chief Security Officer Alex Stamos said:
Right now we are the founding sponsor, but we are in discussions with other tech organizations. The goal for our money specifically is to help build a standalone ISAO (Information Sharing and Analysis Organization) that pulls in all the different groups that have some kind of vulnerability.
Stamos declined to say how much money Facebook would be contributing to the Defending Digital Democracy project. He did, however, announce that Facebook would be offering a $1 million Internet Defense Prize for researchers this year, according to Financial Times.
The social network also announced it would be investing in education by joining forces with CodePath, a training company that provides free education for engineers.
Facebook has shown a vested interest in fighting fake-news, though perhaps this isn’t entirely altruistic. The social network might not have intentionally meddled in the 2016 Presidential election, but the role that false news articles on Facebook played can’t be overstated.
In a few long years we’ll start the entire US Presidential election circus all over again, in the mean-time we’ve got hundreds of elections from the State to Federal level occurring first. The Defending Digital Democracy team has more than its fair share of work ahead.
Update 1:47 PM CST : A representative for Facebook contacted us to say that the social network was disclosing it pledged $500,000 to the Defending Digital Democracy project.
When people are asked about the things that scare them the most, they will usually list the most common and the most predictable things. But, did you know that you never had a chance to make a list of the things you fear from the all the terrifying things in this world? Here is a list of those that everyone has kept from you.
Brain Eating Amoebas
There are amoebas that are capable of eating your brain and can only be detected on a microscopic level. However, that does not make them any less vicious. These Naegleria fowleri are contracted when you are swimming in lakes or are drinking tap water. If you are anywhere outside North America or Western Europe, you should be safe because evidence of these amoebas has only been discovered in the United States of America and the United Kingdom.
Too Much Water is Fatal
Even though it is not that likely, if you do drink too much, you can easily kill yourself because when the cells are full of H20, they can burst.
Australians Suffer from a Higher Risk of Skin Cancer
It is estimated that 2 out of 3 Aussies will be diagnosed with skin cancer once they reach the age of 70 years old. Now, you might be thinking that you can change those statistics by proper skin care and precaution but sadly, that is not the case. In fact, no amount of SPF is going to reverse this. The truth is that unlike other places, Australia is one continent that does not rely on the ozone to reflect the sun’s UV rays.
There is a Whole Planet of Bacteria in Your Belly Button
An average person has around 1,458 bacteria in their body. These bacteria have non-geographical restrictions and can be from places you may not have ever ventured to.
Tons of Bridges in the U.S. Are Unsafe
The term Fracture Critical given to bridges is scarier than you might think. It does not mean that a bridge has a single fault; it actually is a warning that the slightest break will result in the entire structure of the bridge falling down. If you want to be super safe about this, you should look up the bridges that fall under the Fracture Critical category. Now that you know this and if you live in the U.S., you might be a bit scared when travelling on overpasses.
There are More Dead People in the World
For every person, there are 15 dead people. So, in case of a zombie apocalypse, the odds are not in your favor.
Don’t Let the World Lose all of Its Wheat
You may not know it but you have a hand in this. There is a certain fungus, known as the Ug99, which is powerful enough to infect whole wheat crops. Right now, it is common in a lot of African countries and can easily spread out to different parts of the world fairly fast, that is if you carry the infected crop to other parts of the world. It’s just a mold but its impact is devastating on a large level.
Have you ever wondered how some persons are described as famous while others infamous? It is simply a matter of what they are to be remembered for. In the history of infamy, the name Lawrence Anini goes down in Nigerian history as one of the leading names if not the number one in notoriety. In the 1980s, the name Lawrence Anini was the most notorious and the most dreaded criminals in the country.
One might think of him as the Nigerian version of the biblical Barabbas in terms of his notoriety, only the Jews may not have chosen him over Jesus, considering the number of lives lost during the period of his terrorism and robbery in Benin City and other communities in the defunct Bendel state. As far as criminals in Nigeria are concerned, one could be right to say there have only been two sort of criminals, Lawrence Anini and others. This is combining all other criminals into one and Anini one.
Just as Justice Omo-Agege had remarked while passing his lead judgment at the High Court of Justice off Sapele road in Benin City: “Anini will forever be remembered in the history of crime in this country, but it would be of unblessed memory. Few people, if ever, would give the name to their children .” This explains the level of atrocity committed by this criminal who held Bendel state ransom with terrorism.
Lawrence Nomanyagbon Anini, was what one might be tempted to refer to as a five star celebrity of some sorts, whose gang singlehandedly caused fear and terror in the area now known as Edo state, formerly Bendel state. He was in fact the only criminal whose reign of terror was so bloody that he became a topic of discussion at the state security council meeting under the then military president, Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida.
Being the only son among the three children of his mother, he had lost his father as a young boy, and barely managed to finish primary school as he had started showing signs of truancy at an early age, and dropped out of secondary school shortly after to become an apprentice with a mechanic in the last 70s.
Habits die hard and so even as an apprentice, the truancy in him kept coming to the surface and in no time, he was fired by his boss and proceeded to become a driver conveying stolen goods for criminals. In no time, he became what one might describe as the ‘chief agbero’ of the motor park, controlling and commanding touts, and even settling issues among the various motor park factions and unions.
By the time he was 34, he had considered that armed robbery would be far more lucrative for him than merely being an errand boy conveying stolen goods for criminals, and proceeded to form his own five-man gang which included, Monday Osunbor, Friday Ofege, Henry Ekponwan, Eweka and Alhaji zed zed or Zegezege who was never captured. Initially, they were into hijacking of vehicles, robbing banks as well as travelers on the high way, and worked hand-in-hand with some corrupt seeds in the police force who helped to cover their tracks and share loots.
A betrayal of trust by his police counterparts in early 1986, led to the prosecution and execution of two members of his team, and sparked off a retaliatory move on his part and in the four-month reign of terror which lasted between August and December 1986, his gang sent no fewer than nine policemen to their graves, alongside countless other civilians. In August 1986, a fatal bank robbery linked to Anini was reported in which a police officer and many others were killed. That same month, two officers on duty were shot at a barricade while trying to stop Anini’s car.
On September 6, same year, the Anini gang snatched a Peugeot 504 car from Albert Otoe, the driver of an assistant inspector general of police, Christopher Omeben. In snatching the car, they killed the driver and went to hide his corpse somewhere, and the skeleton was only discovered about three months, 16 kilometers away from Benin, along the Benin-Agbor highway. The day after that, a Peugeot 504 car was snatched by the same gang near the former FEDECO office in Benin. With only a couple of days interval, they struck again, killing two policemen in Orhiowon local government area of the state.
There were also other robbery attacks that pointed to Anini’s involvement, took place. Notable among them were the murder of Frank Unoarumi, a former employee of the Nigerian Observer newspapers; the killing of Mrs. Remi Sobanjo, a chartered accountant, and the stealing of the Mercedes Benz car in Benin, of the then Ovie of Ughelli, Delta state.
The Anini gang also struck at a gas station along Wire Road, Benin, where he stole a substantial part of the day’s sales. The highpoint of it all was when, after shooting the station’s attendant and joyfully started spraying money along the road for free pick by market men and women at a village near Benin as he drove away.
The height of Anini’s revenge against the police, however, took place on October 1, 1986, the Independence Day when the state’s commissioner of police, Casmir Igbokwe, was ambushed by the gang in Benin, and nearly yanked off his nose in a hail of bullets. The police boss survived the attacks with serious injuries. Prior to that attack, and still on the same day, the Anini men had gunned down a police man within the city.
On October 21 of same year, a Benin-based medical doctor, A.O Emojeve met his end when they gunned him down along Textile Mill Road still in Benin. Still unsatisfied, the gang robbed the Agbor branch of African Continental Bank and carted away about N46, 000, a heart-palpitating sum in the 1980s.
” The Law”, as he was nicknamed, once escaped an operation that went bad, by driving in reverse from Agbor, Delta state, to Benin City, Edo state. His reign made dim the previous experiences under Ishola Oyenusi, who was tagged the king of robbers in the 1970s and Youpelle Dakuro, the army deserter who masterminded the most vicious daylight robbery in Lagos in 1978, in which two policemen were killed.
As expected, his news dominated the media, as it was even said that he wrote numerous letters to media houses using political tones of Robin Hood-like words, to describe his criminal acts. Nigerian newspapers and journals were also publishing various reports and editorials on the ‘Anini Challenge’, the ‘Anini Saga’, the ‘Anini Factor’, ‘Lawrence Anini – the Man, the Myth’, ‘Anini, Jack the Ripper’, and ‘Lawrence Anini: A Robin Hood in Bendel’. The Guardian asked, emphatically, in one of its reports: ‘Will they ever find Anini, “ The Law”?
Alarmed by his seeming invincibility and evasiveness, and sensing the fear that had gripped the whole country, the military President Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida, then ordered a massive manhunt for the kingpin and his fellow robbers. This was to the extent that after a meeting of the then armed forces ruling council of Babangida, in October 1986, he turned to the inspector general of police, Etim Inyang and asked: “ My friend, where is Anini ”?
The police thus went after them, combing every part of Bendel state where they were reportedly operating and domiciled. However, the more the manhunt, the more intensive and cruel their attacks became and it began to seem like they would never get caught as it was rumored that he had charms that helped him disappear as soon as the police approached the robbery scenes.
However, as fairy-tale fans like to believe, good must someday triumph over evil; and so the invincible Anini eventually got apprehended after four months of terror. His end was not as most would have pictured it considering the invincible image he had achieved in the public’s eye.
December 3, 1986, turned out to be the day he met his waterloo. His capture turned out to be only a little dramatic. It took the courage of superintendent of police, Kayode Uanreroro. Acting on a tip-off, he Uanreroro caught Anini at No 26, Oyemwosa Street, opposite Iguodala Primary School, Benin City, in company of six women.
Uanreroro led a crack 10-man team to the house, knocked on the door of the room, and Anini himself, clad in underpants, opened the door. “Where is Anini?”, the police officer quickly enquired.
Caught off guard and having no escape route, Anini tried to be smart in answering the questions as to his whereabout; “ Oh, Anini is under the bed in the inner room .” As he made the fatal error of trying to walk past Uanreroro and his team. Uanreroro promptly reached for his gun, stepped hard on Anini’s right toes and shot at his left ankle.
Before he was eventually taken away, he received several other shots in the same leg which was later amputated in a military hospital, and he sat in a wheel chair all through the period of his trial. When his hideout was searched, police recovered assorted charms, including the one he usually wore around his waist during operations. All charms were disposed after his arrest.
Contrary to how one might have pictured him remaining mute and stone-hearted to the end, Anini appeared remorseful and revealed a lot of information in pidgin since he had a poor command of English. What one might find hard to understand is, how the same person who wrote to the media in English language about his operations would have such a poor command of the language that he had to speak in pidgin?
In custody, Anini revealed their principal informant as senior police officer, George Iyamu, who also supplied them arms and ammunition and police movement intelligence. He even disclosed that Osunbor, who had been arrested earlier, was his deputy, saying that Osunbor, who had a remarkable dexterity with guns, actually shot and wounded the former police boss of the state, Akagbosu. He mentioned a few other people complicit in their operation, even though his deputy Monday Osunbor did not reveal a thing from the time of his capture till his execution.
Despite Iyamu’s staunch denial during the court trial, he was sentenced to death alongside five other police officers who were implicated. The robbery suspects, including Iyamu, were sentenced to death.
For Prince Amen Oyakhire, the head of general investigation department at force CID, Alagbon Close, Ikoyi Lagos, who was deployed to Bendel by the then inspector general of police, Etim Inyang, the investigation and subsequent arrests had to be carefully done to ensure that they were captured alive. Speaking in an interview, more than 26 years after the execution, he stated that they worked according to the instructions they had been given.
“ We arrested them because we knew that if killed in the process and their dead bodies put on the TV, people might not be convinced that such dead bodies were those of Anini and his cohorts. When arrested, they didn’t hesitate to disclose their escapades during interrogation .They were allowed to speak and indeed they spoke to Nigerians ,” he said.
Chief Osaheni Uzamere, who was the defense counsel in the court trial, representing Lawrence Anini and other members of his gang recalled, in a recent interview that he had been the lawyer to Anini and his gang for four years before they were brought to book. Responding to how he felt about their execution, he stated that life was simply a matter of choice. “ I decided to be a lawyer. They decided to be criminals. So if they decided that quick money was what they wanted, they should bear the consequences. Besides, as soon as they were arrested, they confessed to a lot of things.”
Due to amputation of his leg, Anini was confined to a wheelchair throughout his trial. He was eventually sentenced to death by Justice James Omo-Agege and executed on March 29, 1987.
🔆 Celebrating The Best Of The Best/The Greatest Of The Greats 🔆
[Their Lives, Impacts & Achievements]
Speaking with DENSDOME the initiator of this program, DENNIS DENSLAND OKOEMU stated:
The platform will be used in reaching various University of Benin top staffs and students that have done remarkable things.
Alumni also included.
Write a brief history on them, their childhood to educational stats, how they struggled to make it to the top of their game.
Ps: Their achievements so far
📰📇EXCLUSIVE PUBLICATION ON 📱DENSDOME💻 MAGAZINE & BLOG👨💻👩💻
This is to enable, not just UNIBEN students and staffs recognize these personalities, but, to also show them off to the world as the DENSDOME MAGAZINE will be distributed nationwide and DENSDOME BLOG on the other hand which reaches out to thirty eight (38) countries of the world including United States of America, which within the last few weeks has been on bragging rights with Nigeria as regards page views on DENSDOME.
Other countries include, South Africa, Ghana, Russia, Italy, France and a host of others. Not leaving behind the United Kingdom.
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